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Common Terms

Infra-Red Video Goggles – are used to observe and record the abnormal eye movements that are produced by vestibular dysfunction. This aids in accurate diagnosis and optimal treatment prescription.

Vertigo – an illusion of movement, a sense of motion

Imbalance/ Disequilibrium – being or feeling off balance

Labyrinth – the balance organ in the inner ear

BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positioning Vertigo) – bouts of vertigo (lasting seconds) caused by a change in head position, like turning in bed or getting in or out of bed, by the movement of particles in the inner ear. BPPV is treated very effectively by a particle repositioning technique.On-Balance Physiotherapy utilises the latest state of the art diagnostic tools to ensure accurate diagnosis and treatment for this condition.

Vestibular Neuritis – viral infection usually of the nerve to the inner ear. Days of sever vertigo, nausea and imbalance with residual imbalance that responds well to Vestibular Rehabilitation. On-Balance Physiotherapy utilises the latest state of the art diagnostic tools to ensure accurate diagnosis and treatment for this condition.

Labyrinthitis – infection of the inner ear (see vestibular neuritis).

Meniere’s Disease – episodes of vertigo, imbalance, nausea and vomiting, fluctuating hearing and tinnitus usually lasting for hours. May lead to ongoing dizziness and imbalance that responds well to Vestibular Rehabilitation.Vestibular Rehabilitation pre and post treatment with gentamicin to ablate the labyrinth is recommended.

Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma) – benign tumour on the vestibular nerve. May produce balance problems and dizziness, may require surgery. Vestibular Rehabilitation pre and post surgery is very effective in reducing symptoms.

Stroke – disruption of the blood flow to the labyrinth or to the part of the brain that processes information from the labyrinth. Balance problems usually result and respond well to a home programme of individually prescribed exercises.

Post traumatic Vertigo – head injury, whiplash injury, falls, concussion can lead to dizziness or vertigo or imbalance. Treatment prescribed depends on the careful assessment of the problem.

Ototoxicity – this is an adverse reaction to antibiotic therapy which can cause imbalance.